Thursday, December 1, 2016

Fn-6 Manpad : from FSA to ISIS and Al-Qaeda

Since the reveal of Fn-6 anti-aircraft missile in the hands of the Free Syrian Army , speculations and warnings emerged on the danger of empowering non-state forces with such advanced mobile weapons.


While many saw that empowering the FSA with weapons like these is of no perilous consequences, others had ample doubts and worries .
The theory behind the proliferation of those Chinese manufactured weapons is that Qatar purchased them from the Sudan military stockpiles and transferred them with the cooperation of Turkey into Syria, and specifically into Deir Ezzor, Aleppo, Idlib, and Lattakia in addition to Homs's northern countryside and Qalamoun.

it appears that none of the batches found their way into southern Syria, that is likely due to Qatar and Turkey's unwillingness to threaten Israel's security and Jordan's fear of the incalculable consequences of such a move.

As for this weapon's operational history in the Syrian conflict, those missile were able to down a SyAAF Mi-8 helicopter during its landing or take off in Mingh AB on 24/2/2013.



On 5/3/2013, another Mi-8 belonging to the Syrian Air Force was downed using the Fn-6 during its take off or landing in Aleppo's International Airport.

A Syrian MiG-21 fighter jet was downed in Lattakia's northern countryside during a fighting mission on the 18th of August 2013 using the aforementioned weapon.


The downing of Mig-21 on 18-8-2013 is considered the last confirmed use of the Fn-6 missile. However, the Fn-6 Manpad is likely the reason for many later downing cases that were not announced possibly due to the US disapproval of this Turkish-Qatari unipolar effort or even due to the two country's fear of a Russian response following the Russian aerial intervention in Syria.

As an example of this censorship, a Syrian Mig-21 was downed on 12/03/2016 in Hama's countryside with a Manpad that could very likely be an Fn-6 operated by the Al-Qaeda affiliated Jabhat Al-Nusra.


As we mentioned, there was a lot of fear of the unhindered proliferation of such advanced mobile weapons to factions blacklisted as terrorist groups by the United States.

Those fears would prove their magnitude when the full danger conceived would prove to transcend threatening the security of the Syrian airspace. Those fears would later not only prove their authenticity, but also show that the full danger of proceeding with such a hasty step is much larger than threatening security in the Syrian airspace.

On the 3rd of October 2014, ISIS had used an Fn-6 to down an Iraqi Mi-35 that was participating in a US-backed counterterrorism operation in Biji that lies in the Iraqi heartland.


In 30/11/2016, a more dangerous situation was scouted: an Fn-6 missile was confiscated in the Lebanese Majdal Anjar during a raid by the Lebanese Army on one of Abdallah Azam's Movement headquarters- a faction designated as a terrorist group by the American administration due to its links to Al-Qaeda. The raid was conducted to arrest Omar Hassan Khroub, the mastermind behind two terrorist attacks that targeted Lebanese civilians- the bombing of Al-Tuyouneh in 20/6/2014 and the bombing of Dahr Al-Baydar in 23/6/2014.

Given this rich history of terrorism, it is safe to assume that the Abdullah Azzam Movement were planning to use this missile in an attack inside the Lebanese territories possibly targeting a helicopter carrying important people or even civil aircraft flying from the Beirut International Airport.

many Fn-6 still around inside Syria like the one appeared with Homs liberation movement in northern Homs country side ,and that increase future risks


What is certain from all this stated information is that the Fn-6 is the perfect example of why insurgent groups should not be provided with such advance mobile weapons.


special thanks to Izat Charkati for translating

Sunday, November 27, 2016

Viper-72 thermal sight ,A Syrian solution

 since the SAA armors engaged in the ongoing war in Syria in late 2011 Syrian tanks been suffering from many maintenance problems due to the complexity of the urban warfare .
many old systems on SAA tank have proven to be unreliable and unsuitable for urban warfare among them is the TPN-3-49 night vision sight on T-72 tanks ,as SAA T-72 tanks start to take on the streets it become clear that protecting the IR lamps from the enemy fire is impossible just like the idea of fixing it again and again
after two years into the fight most of the tanks in urban area have lost it's night capabilities with all or almost all of it's IR lamps broken some even the TPN-3-49 night sight it self .
when the Syrian scientific research center was tasked with finding a solution for this problem in 2013 they were fast to come with an idea for the perfect replacement 
a thermal sight ,as thermal vision don't need illumination ,and they have already some experience working with thermal sights 
the Syrian scientific research center did before upgrade some of SAA's T-55MV with a Syrian thermal sight for direct engagement.


so the work was on and soon after the Viper thermal sight was born to replace the existing night TPN-3-49 vision sight .


Viper in outer design is similar to TPN-3-49 but with an arch shaped protection ,it also use many of TPN-3-49 components .




Viper range is up to 4km for big objects ,however the useful range for aiming is 1.5-2km tops
the tank gunner aim through an electronic scoop ,however an LCD can be attached .


as firearms flash is more visible in thermal imagery ,Viper is used even in day to detect snipers in urban areas ,giving the Syrian tank crew not only a better vision with less maintenance but also with a chance for revenge ...

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Untold story : SyAAF & RuAF joint air squadron


In 12 April 2016 two Russian pilots Andrey Okladnikov and Viktor Pankov lost their life when their Syrian helicopter was shot down according to the Russian MoD
this claims have been denied by many who claimed the helicopter was Russian not Syrian ,while others ID the helicopter as a SyAAF Mi-25 .

In a recent info we receive including the photo below we find out that both opinion were wrong !

according to our information the RuAF and SyAAF since early 2016 founded a joint air squadron with the task of training SyAAF and providing close air support if needed for SAA troops .
the squadron that consists of at least 4 Mi-24p helicopters based in T4 AB ,all the helicopters in the squadron are with RuAF and SyAAF numbers and marking like the one above
with the RuAF 30 yellow serial number ,and SyAAF 2861 serial number and SyAAF logo .
as we said the main task is to train new Syrian pilots ,something the Syrian Air Force Academy become incapable of after a long siege.
however this squadron also provided SAA with close air support against ISIS around Palmyra where one of the helicopters was lost .
Syrian and Russian crews fly such mission separately or sometimes even a joint crew on the same helicopter .
such Russian aid was never announced although it can be recognized as any other form of training ,we can't say the helicopters are now owned by the SyAAF but we believe it will be one day .

Here we go !

finally I start my own blog !
will write about anything new in the Syrian field and when I say "anything" I mean weapons !
hope I live up to the expectations and you all have good time reading and following this blog
Thank you all for the support !